Karpathos is in the southern part of the Dodecanese, between Crete and Rhodes, and is the second largest island of the complex. It a mountainous island (Kali Limni is the highest peak at 1.214m) full of water springs, pine-trees forests, vineyards and olive and fruit-bearing trees. The rock caves of the island are the home of the Mediterranean seal monachus monachus, while, along with Kastelorizo, this is the only place where we can meet the amphibian species Mertensiella luscani. According to mythology, Iapetos, the son of Uranus and Gaea (Sky and Earth) was the first inhabitant of Karpathos. The island extends over a surface of 301 km², its coastline is 106km long and it has 6,500 inhabitants.